Risk Assessment Integration Module RAIMO

Learning objectives

The learning objectives of this module are to become familiar with the domestic violence risk assessment process, risk and vulnerability factors and the purpose of multi-agency cooperation in risk management.


Dear frontline responder, welcome to learn about the domestic violence risk assessment process in a multiprofessional context!

The purpose of this modular tool is to link various risk assessment procedures and enhance the identification of domestic violence among key agencies (e.g. police officers, social work and healthcare professionals, NGO workers, educators) who come into contact with victim-survivors and perpetrators. This tool demonstrates different risk factors and different approaches to identifying and responding to risk.

You can use this tool e.g. as a training material or a database.

We present the four steps of the domestic violence risk assessment process from risk identification all the way to follow-up.

The Good-read section provides you with recommendable reading. From the Materials section you will find printable items such as checklists. Do not forget to print your own pocket version of the risk assessment checklist – with it, you may save somebody’s life.

Principles of the risk assessment process
Step 1: Identification of risk factors
Step 2: Risk assessment
Step 3: Outlining necessary actions
Step 4: Follow-up

Principles of the risk assessment process

Risk assessment is a cornerstone in domestic violence prevention (Kropp 2004). The purpose of domestic violence risk assessment is to prevent repetitious violence by identifying the perpetrator’s risk of recidivism (Svalin & Levander 2019, 1), circumstances that may increase the risks of violence as well the victim’s vulnerability factors by conducting a risk assessment and implementing interventions to manage the sources of risks.
In the European Manual for Risk Assessment, Albuquerque et al. (2013, 41) define the principles of risk assessment as following:

  1. Risk Assessment is a process that can only be made with the victims’/survivors’ collaboration
  2. Victims/Survivors own assessment of their safety and risk levels must be considered. Research shows that victims/survivors have the most accurate assessment of their own risk level
  3. Victims/Survivors must be listened to without the presence of the perpetrator, family and/or their community members
  4. Children should have the opportunity to talk
  5. Professionals have the responsibility to assess, manage and monitor the perpetrators risk
  6. Professionals, in case of significant harm to children, must consider and agree on the best procedure that safeguards and protects them
  7. It is important to clarify the limits of the risk assessment and management process
  8. No improbable or unrealistic promises should be made

Professionals should also have knowledge of the dynamics of domestic violence, the impact of IPV on victims-survivors, the factors that influence women’s decisions on leaving or remaining in the violent relationship, the strategies perpetrators use and the risk factors (Albuquerque et al. 2013, 35).